- What’s wrong with our current system?
- Would STAR Voting cost money or save money?
- Is STAR Voting constitutional? Does it pass One-Person-One-Vote?
- Is STAR Voting vulnerable to strategic voting?
- Has STAR Voting been used for elections before?
- Can we use STAR Voting for Presidential elections? Is there a plan to adopt this on a larger scale?
- Is this the same as Ranked Choice Voting (RCV), aka Instant Runoff Voting (IRV)?
- We currently elect county officials with a "top two" system using a primary election in the spring and a general election in the fall. The primary narrows down the field of candidates to one or two candidates for the general election. Using a primary restricts voter choice at the general election when many more voters are participating. Sometimes there is NO choice--the winner was chosen in the primary!
- When there are several candidates in the primary and no one gets a majority, the top two each win with a minority of votes. This can be unrepresentative of the majority of the voters.
- This two election process makes for a long campaign season, which is disliked by both voters and candidates. It also advantages candidates with more money.
- Both. There would be some initial costs associated with educating voters and reprogramming vote tabulation computers, but in the long run STAR Voting would save the county money by eliminating the primary election for county offices.
- The shorter election season would reduce the amount of money required for candidates to run a successful campaign. This should make running for office more accessible for candidates without big money backers.
- Yes! The Oregon constitution specifically authorizes the use of preferential voting.
- STAR Voting gives every voter an equally weighted vote and equal voting power. This is the legal definition of one-person-one-vote.
- With STAR Voting honesty is the best policy. The best strategy is to give your favorite or favorites a full 5 stars and to use your scores to show your preferences between the other candidates.
- While there are some hypothetical scenarios where you might get an edge by putting down higher or lower scores for various candidates, in practice there is no way to know when this might help and when it would hurt. This kind of dishonest voting is more likely to backfire so it’s not a good strategy.
- You can read a more technical comparison of strategic incentives in various systems here.
- Not in public elections. STAR Voting was invented in 2014 using the accumulated knowledge of the good and bad points of previous voting systems in order to create something even better.
- STAR Voting has been tested in small groups and computer simulations of various election scenarios and has performed very well. We've created a new web application at http://star.vote that lets you easily set up a STAR Voting election or vote in a bunch of existing polls. Check it out!
- We see this as a pivotal moment for Oregon to pioneer a new path in voting reform, just as Oregon was a pioneer in adopting the initiative and referendum a hundred years ago, and more recently in nation-leading reforms like vote-by-mail and automatic voter registration.
- We are starting with county elections but this reform has great potential for statewide and national elections too.
- It would be possible to use STAR Voting for Presidential elections, either with the Electoral College or a National Popular Vote.
- Ranked Choice technically refers to a family of voting systems that use the expressed ranking of the voter to determine the winner. Instant Runoff Voting is the primary RCV system in use today. Because STAR Voting actually uses the ranking derived from scores to make the final runoff decision, it is arguably a RCV system, but it is not at all the same as Instant Runoff Voting. STAR is similar to IRV in that voters can show relative preferences between candidates, but there are important differences. For example:
- With STAR Voting you can show that you like two candidates equally, with IRV you would have to rank one over the other.
- In STAR Voting everyone's second choice counts; in IRV second choices only count for voters whose first choice was eliminated before his or her second choice.
- In STAR Voting there is only one automatic runoff; with IRV there can potentially be many automatic runoffs.
Was this helpful?